Ruandaberge in Rwanda/Burundi. These are not your average rapids though. Named after the first governor of New South Wales, Sir Thomas Brisbane, the river flows from Mount Stanley approximately 344 km into the Moreton Bay and the Coral Sea. 820 . Since it is one of the most powerful rivers in the world, it could potentially service all of Africa with hydroelectricity, of which forty hydropower plants already exist along the length of the river. 10. During November to April, the “green” season offers stronger currents and boasts a challenge for swimmers. Cauca River. This river actually forms the border between Russia and China. Cuanza River. We need rivers for fresh water supply, food and transportation. These include the River Amazon, the River Mississippi, the River Thames and more! Despite the pollution, the river still offers many beautiful photo ops. From the picture, you may have determined the reason it is known as the Red River. In fact, over 5,600 different species of fish can be found along the amazing length of river, many of which cannot be found anywhere else in the world. The Amazon and its tributaries gather water from 5 degrees north latitude all the way to 20 degrees south. Surrounded by majestic mountain views, the Argentina may be a blip on the map but shows some beautiful photo opportunities. The Zambezi like many other major rivers on this list can be divided into major sectionals. The Mossman River offers another exemplary photo ops place to visit. This does not consider the birds, butterflies and other beautiful creatures that live around the Amazon. This river actually forms the border between Russia and China. While this does not match something the size of the Amazon, it is still one of the most diversified river basins in the world. Severe pollution threatens not only the millions of people depending on the river, but the fish, amphibians that call the river home and the animals that live from the water. Africa – the world’s second largest and second most populous continent – is a land of rivers, deserts, plains and rain forests. Another major river in Europe that rises from the Swiss Alps is the Rhine River. The majority of the watershed supplies the agriculture basis of northern Italy which produces a huge amount of grain for cereals and rice. This river touts being the largest river in South America and counts as the second largest river in the world by most definitions. It includes river systems over 1,000 kilometres (620 mi). Just like its eastern counterpart the Rio Grande, the Colorado river creates a mainstay for potable water for over 40 million people. The river starts at Dail Peek and travels into the fourth largest drainage basin in the world until finally reaching the Bering Sea at over 200,000 cubic feet per second. It offers a unique mouth that instead of a defined delta, it divides into two before hitting the sea. While not as impressive as the Mississippi, it still covers over 170,000 square miles with its drainage basin feeding many different states. Nile River is the longest in the World shared by 11 countries namely Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, DP Congo, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Sudan and Egypt. Later, the Moreton Bay adopted the same name as the river becoming known as Brisbane and one of the larger cities in Australia. In this post we present 50 of the longest and largest rivers of the world. List of world cities on river banks, list of European cities on rivers, List of American cities on rivers, List of Asia - Oceania cities on river banks, lis While it may not win any awards, the river has been an important stepping stone for the city development and shows another entry on the list of how people have used rivers for progress over time. History tracks this river as the cradle of civilization for the region, serving tribes and civilization since the Neolithic period. The 50 Most Famous Rivers of the World [Update 2020: With photos and details] Memuru in Norway. This subregion boasts over 20,000 plant species, and thousands more fish, amphibians, birds and mammals. Eleven of the twenty largest cities in Russia call this basin home, and is generally considered to be the national river. Due to the unique silt composition, subaqueous dams slowly build up from the fine silt run off. Hey, what is 100 miles between friends? The river covers such a vast territory that scientists still discover multiple new species every single year. However, it is the second longest in the Iberian Peninsula after the Tagus. Several wonderful hiking trails through the mountains create adventures for those seeking to connect to nature. It finishes its long journey in the Black sea. The Amazon is about 6,400 km long, and its width at an average varies from 1.6 to 10 km, but it expands up to 48 km during rains and it is on account of its vast expanse that it is sometimes called the River Sea. From its sources, the longest reaches of this river clock in at 777 km passing through Paris and emptying into the English Channel at Le Havre. Unfortunately, like a few other rivers on this list, the Yangtze suffers from industrial pollution. It is found on the border of Russia and China. Read More, List of river islands in India. The Seine in Paris. This is a list of the longest rivers on Earth. In 2007 it ranked among the top ten most polluted rivers in New Zealand. This is another river that boosted human civilization. It is the ninth largest river by discharge and the 15th longest river in the world. While less than 100 km long, this river creates many photo ops along its path to the Java Sea. This one however, flows northward through most of Germany and the Netherlands before emptying into the North Sea. Omissions? Wadi Majardah. It is still extensively used for recreational use along many of the parks and waterways of the river. In fact, the river is regarded as the cradle of China’s prosperity and the birthplace of the civilization. In the average dry season, it covers over 110,000 square kilometers or 42,000 square miles. Aside from being enormous, the Mississippi River serves as one of the most important rivers in American history. However beautiful, the biggest draw comes from the fishing community. For starters, it is second to the Amazon for discharge by volume. It creates many beautiful photo ops and even served as one of the inspirations for the first landscape painting from the middle ages. It is also the second longest river in Western and Central Europe. The Ottawa River flows through Ontario and Quebec and is named after the Algonquin word meaning “to trade”. Not only does the Amazon river boast impressive records, it creates life and biodiversity for thousands of different species of animals and plants. The Yenisei finally drains into the Arctic Ocean. In the modern age, the River Loire is known as the Garden of France due to the clusters of Chateaux and vineyards that dot the landscape. Bo Hai. The drainage basin for this river feeds most of northern India and surrounding countries. Famous Rivers of the World. 1,345. While only 29 km in length, the scenery is dominated by the Fagraskogarfjall mountains and creates a beautiful connection to nature. After flowing south down the Ural mountain range, it turns east and meanders across a broad plain, giving some of the most beautiful pictures from the mountain range. There are about 165 major rivers in the world, but these fourteen are some of the most famous. The total area covered by the River Lena basin is 2.4 million square kilometers, making it one of the largest rivers in the world by area. READ MORE: Top 10 Australian National Parks (World Travel Bucket List) Rivers in Europe. Rivers are water sources that play an important role in any country’s economy. Nestled in the mountainous region between France and Italy, the Argentina flows pristinely towards the Ligurian Sea. Not only does it provide a natural border, it supports many of these countries with agricultural, irrigation, potable water and trade routes. The Ebro river counts as the longest river entirely contained within Spain. So, read the article to know the importance of rivers of the world. Not only did native Americans live for thousands of years on the rivers and tributaries, it built a foundation for trade systems up and down the river from New Orleans all the way to St. Louis. The name of Nile was derived from the Latin word: Nilus, that means valley or a river valley! The Mekong River is located in China. Just be prepared for a long trip though, if you were to stop in each city along the way for just one day, your trip would at minimum be 100 days long. Lastly, the Amazon Basin marks the world’s largest basin covering over 40% of South America. The Rio Grande shows one of the most iconic rivers in the world due to the landscape, not necessarily the river. At 2,428 km this river not only forms most of the border between Russia and Kazakhstan, it also forms the conventional boundary between Europe and Asia. This gorgeous picture snapped near Puncak comes from the Angke River that flows from the mountain near the picturesque Telaga Warna Lake. If you ever stop in Triora Italy, check out this gorgeous river. The city flourishes at the mouth of the river, despite it being a tidal estuary. Liao. World River Map showing course of major rivers passing through different countries. It measures 6,695 kilometres from its source in Burundi, along the Nile, to its delta on the Mediterranean Sea. Kwando River. These serene waters create a popular tourist attraction for people from Jakarta and Bogor. It creates the second largest river in central and Western Europe after the Danube, running at 1,230 km overall. 1,323. The Zambezi river clock in as the fourth longest river. Rivers also provide an important habitat for wildlife. The Amazon is responsible for up to 20% of all fresh water entering the ocean supply. Along these trips you can sightsee the most famous monuments of the city of love, from the Louvre, the Eiffel Tower, the Musee d’Orsay, and even Notre Dame. The picturesque location boasts a thriving community and a slice of paradise at the Wilderness Retreat along the river banks. The 50 Most Famous Rivers of the World [Update 2020: With photos and details]. Stuck with the Rivers of the World One Clue Crossword Bonus puzzle? Since then, the Yarra river progressively changes to the needs of the city. Mekong River. While not boasting any records, the Memuru clocks in at just over 10km long. And most folks probably wouldn’t guess that Russia is the location of Europe’s longest river. The river takes on a green hue in certain sections, hence the name of the season. The Danube once served as the final frontier to the Roman Empire, blocking the northern tribes on many fronts. If you are a fan of kayaking or white-water rafting, the Cahabon offers some world class rapids. This list is based upon the flow rate of the river itself. This is the world’s longest river. The Nile creates such a unique change in the landscape that it can be seen from space. You may even spy an elusive platypus. Unfortunately, the construction of the dams have had unforeseen damages to the rapids down stream and ultimately the wetlands and marshlands further along. Clocking in as the second longest and second largest river basin in North America, the Mississippi river brings the next entry on the list. An interesting fact about the Amazon comes from the fact that no bridge spans the entire width of the river. Click a river name here below. Iguaçu. Originating near Kemble in the UK, this river flows through Oxford, Reading and all greater London area. It serves as the primary source of water for Lake Gjende near Jotunheimen in Southern Norway. This important distinction marks the greatest controversy on rivers out there. The problem generated by over taxation on the river system caused the flow to stop. It spans a mammoth journey of 4,132 miles before the mouth meets the Mediterranean Sea in the form of a vast delta in Egypt. Positives of a dam: generates electricity from a renewable source Negatives: loss of animal habitats, people have to move More people in the world live along the Yangtze and Huang He (Yellow) Rivers than on any other river systems in the world. It also shares an interesting fact with the Danube that it formed the second portion of the northern frontier of the Roman Empire. This civilization rose to power through trading these goods to other countries. The Congo flows over 4,700 km to basin over 4 million square km of Africa, which is almost 13% of the continent. The entirety of Egypt may be covered in sand, but along the banks of the Nile, vegetation and life exists, creating a swath of green through the land that can be seen in stark contrast from space. After a series of large lakes and reservoirs it passes into western Arkansas. Afghanistan. Rivers are water sources that play an important role in any country’s economy. There are hundreds of small and long rivers in Africa continent, flowing through different countries. The Ganges is the most important Africa. They could be used in the classroom in lots of different ways: Print the posters and use them on a classroom display about rivers. This flow all but stops around October where the freezing temperatures drop the river to around 5% of its annual flow. It runs through Burma, Thailand, Yunnan, Laos, Vietnam, and Cambodia. The river boasts a popular spot for hikers travelling across the Besseggen, photographers, and water enthusiasts. This is the world’s fifth-longest river system and the largest draining into the Arctic Ocean. 110. They play an essential role in the ecology of rainforest and wetlands. Even the Congo has an 80% slower discharge rate the Amazon, it still has the highest such rate in the world. During the wet season, they come back into one united roaring river in a perpetual cycle. It runs through Burma, Thailand, Yunnan, Laos, Vietnam, and Cambodia. Nile. In the modern day, logging in the northern changes the northern portions of the river, destroying many Marshlands that feed the Yarra River. In particular, there exists disagreement as to whether the Nile or the Amazon is the world's longest river. Yalong. A river does not require a record to be beautiful. The delta of the River Nile provides life to Egypt. Much of the Mekong River flows among the various countries in southeast Asia. Tributaries from around South America come together to create the amazing water system of South America. 839 . Some of the notable selections along the river include the Crystal Pools from Gordon’s Bay and the Steenbras River Gorge. It also touts the largest in Europe through discharge and basin. The upper portion of the Zambezi flows through Angola and massive grasslands before turning southward into a floodplain. The aptly named river created a major trade route from Eastern Canada to the western reaches at the time. This is a list of rivers by their average discharge, that is, their water flow rate. While it measures a total of 1,896 miles, the course of the river shifts which can change it to be the fourth or fifth largest river system in North America depending on the time of year. While an impressive length, the biggest attraction the Seine offers comes from the boat tours through Paris. The feature gives a huge boon to the fishing and agriculture for the area. Not only does this river pass through 11 different countries, it directly connects 4 capital cities in Europe. The total length covered is 3,442 miles. If you enjoy exploring the wilds and fishing, the small town of Kartong can offer you a great excursion to go adventuring with. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. Amu Darya. This is the largest river on the South Island of New Zealand and translates into river of cold rushing water. This fact pervades every facet of Egyptian life from the earliest ancient times, housing the most recognizable historical sites a stone throw from the river. It also boasts some of the clearest waters in the world for much of its length, carrying a tenth the sediment of the Nile. The Amazon is the widest river in the world. Wadi Seybouse. However, it flows north to northwest in a giant crescent shape that finally ends over 4,180 km away in the Niger Delta. The Cahora Bassa Dam in Mozambique provides power to the country and South Africa. These beautiful creations of nature also share triumph with human engineering. Not only is it the world’s longest river, it has the largest drainage area and the fastest discharge rate. If you are looking for a diverse river adventure, the Daintree offers a huge diverse change in climates and areas to transverse, from scenic views to amazing wildlife. Water Basin: 3,400,000 km2 Length: 6,650 Km Two large dams, an upper and lower dam, create an efficient system to produce electricity. The Nile is the one of the candidate for the longest river in the world (some sources cite the Amazon River and The Mississippi as the longest). Paraná Amur River is in number ten of the largest rivers in the world and the most prominent in the Federation of Russia. These regions include the upper, middle, lower and delta. The large mountains and valleys that surround the water way create some of the best photo ops of any river in the world. Amur River. The Kumano River along the Kii Peninsula in central Japan flows through Nara, Wakayama and Mie prefectures. Which would you count as the longest? Kasai River. One of the more unique aspects of the river comes from the green color it sports flowing down the mountain. Victoria Falls forms the boundary between the upper and middle portion of the river. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Near Canon City, it widens and flattens out as it slows down across the great plains. The river has seen some of the most historical events in France’s history from invasions to the 1900 summer Olympics. The biggest claim to fame this river offers comes from the tourist aspect. Just like the Amazon, the Congo serves a huge portion of the rainforests with fresh water. The main tributaries are White Nile and the Blue Nile which considered being the primary stream. The total area covered by the River Lena basin is 2.4 million square kilometers, making it one of the largest rivers in the world by area. Angola. Regardless of size by length, it does overtake the competition in discharge by volume coming in at over 200,000 cubic meters per second. Many regions of the river can be treacherous or difficult to navigate due to the chaotic flows and seasons. Historically, this river formed the backbone of trade through southeastern Asia until the completion of the Kunmin-Haiphong Railway in 1910. Between the many bridges, locks and weirs, the River Thames serves as one of the most human influenced rivers in the world as well. The water of this river descends over 1,270 meters from the highest point until it reaches the Coral Sea just north of Wonga Beach. Starting off the list brings one of the most famous rivers in the world, the Amazon River. Magdalena River. Most of the river defines the border between the two providences. Cities river flows through. The lower dam is a gravity concrete arch type located above Gordon’s bay near Cape Town in South Africa. Even the Congo has an 80% slower discharge rate the Amazon, it still has the highest such rate in the world. Kābul River. It provides an important backbone to many trade routes, drinking water, and hydroelectricity. However, once people realized the damage it caused to the local landscape, construction has all but stopped along the river. This list is based upon the flow rate of the river itself. Since then many municipalities have worked together with local businesses in a clean up effort. Clocking in as the third longest river in Africa after the Nile and the Congo, the Niger river winds its way through western Africa. One of the most iconic rivers in the United States is the Colorado river. The Volga starts in central Russia and flows south to southwest and eventually empties into the Caspian Sea. Both tribu… The World Rivers article will give you information about all the major rivers in the world. When we talk in terms of water discharge, Amazon is the largest river in the world. • List of drainage basins by area (including rivers, lakes, and endorheic basins) The river itself in ancient Egypt was revered as the causeway between life and death due to its importance. The basin and tributaries for this river expand into a further nine more countries. and its length: Countries the longest rivers in the world flows through. While not boasting any records, the Memuru clocks in at just over 10km long. It is the largest tributary to the river and drains an area of 146,300 square kilometers. Other rivers that would make the Top 10 list include the Ganges, the Congo, the Orinoco, the Yangtze and the Madiera. While the dam was completed in 1935, many other dams and aqueducts were completed. This river in Queensland meanders 100 km through some of the richest and most diverse bio life in Australia’s Daintree Rainforest. Starting in Colorado in the United States, it flows through New Mexico and forms as a natural border between the United States and Mexico before emptying into the Gulf of Mexico. Most documentation counts it as at least 6,400 km. Volga (Photo via Pixabay) Volga River. The European settlers found the river and took over, establishing their colony at Melbourne. Over 900 km in length, the Ebro passes through many major cities from Frias and Miranda de Ebro to Aldover and Catalonia before emptying into the Mediterranean Sea. Staying at an eco-lodge near the Amazon is also an experience in itself. The unusual route the river takes makes it the source of water for the Sahara desert in the region and the city of Timbuktu. Length (km): 4,444 Drainage area (km²): 1,855,000 Average discharge (m³/s): 11,400. The Nile helped Egypt in more than just sustaining life though. A list of the most important rivers in the world. During the gold rush, many mines and tunnels also changed the river as needs for transports came up. Today though it is still used for transportation, although not much for heavy trade routes. As of 2012, many treatment plants have started working to clear up the pollution. The top-ten worst rivers are special contenders. Most of the basin is protected through an international agreement between France, Germany, and most of the other countries the river basin serves. While many beautiful rivers run through Iceland, the Hitara may offer some of the most beautiful photogenic rivers in the country if not the world. At over 1,450 miles, this is the sixth longest river in the United States with an origin point in the Rocky Mountains and joining up to the Missippi in Naploeon, Arkansas. Rivers of the World Bonus Puzzle. Many rivers so far on this list boast life across the globe. It congregates over 2,107 square km along its course supporting the rainforest life before opening into dense mangrove swamps. While being one of the largest rivers in Europe, 65% of its annual discharge occurs during March and April where spring floods rush with melting snow. It serves as the primary source of water for Lake ... Wheaton River in Canada. The Ural river flows as the third longest river in Europe, originating in the Ural mountains and emptying into the Caspian Sea. The river dries up approximately 100 miles north of the exit into the Gulf of California, which has not made it that far since the 1960’s. While it is used for navigation, the seasonal changes across its length can create heavy rapids, waterfalls, and be challenging to transverse. It also housed the first steam boat ever built. Most of northeast Thailand and Loas lie within the lower Mekong Basin. The Arkansas River counts as the second longest tributary to the Mississippi river behind the Missouri system. 1,350. The massive Mississippi watershed touches 32 of the 50 United States and two Canadian provinces between the Rocky and Appalachian mountain ranges. The upper and middle service large sections of forest with rapids and the Guiana Shield that quickly flows down to a large flood plane and then out to the Delta. The Wheaton river offers a lot of activity for such a little river. The Hong River, known as the Yuan River or Red River, flows from its reaches in the Yunnan province southwest through China then Vietnam and emptying into the Gulf of Tonkin. Many different courses exist along the river, some of which are family friendly. 12. On December 24, 2017 by Master. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. If you are looking for beauty in nature, put this river on your bucket list. During the dry season, the river divides into hundreds of shallow branches with low banks where wildlife drinks and flourishes. It is the largest dam in the world (about 1 ½ miles in length and over 300 feet thick). Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Uganda, South Sudan, Sudan and Egypt. While it may not be the longest river in Spain, it certainly is the most widely known and most important. This meant the Greeks could push their culture on the Gauls and expand northward with ease. Many Hindus bathe and pray in its waters. Oxford refers to it as Isis, and it is known as the Tideway in the lower reaches. Other rivers that would make the Top 10 list include the Ganges, the Congo, the Orinoco, the Yangtze and the Madiera. Piercing between the Trois Eveches giant mountains, the Verdon River is one of the gorgeous rivers in the world. If you are an angler, consider a trip to Iceland to check out this scenic spot. In fact, t he river is regarded as a sacred site along the pilgrimage routes in the Kii Mountain Range and is protected as an UNESCO world heritage site. They provide a source of drinking water, for obtaining food, to fertilize lands and way to transport goods from place to place. As it flows southwest, it passes through the famous Grand Canyon which was carved by the river over millennia of the river flowing. The river in the dry season boosts clear waters with snorkeling for any ages to meet more than the 30 different species of fish, lizards, and birds. In the wet season, this number skyrockets, covering up to 350,000 square km or 140,000 square miles and rising over 9 meters. The Selenge River is regarded as the headwaters of this river system. The Ob River, also Obi, is a major river in western Siberia, Russia and is the world’s seventh longest river. This tiny river flows through west Africa and empties into the Atlantic Ocean. 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